The aim of this deliverable was to investigate older adult loneliness as linked with living arrangements and intergenerational support, using data of the Generations and Gender Surveys for East and West European countries. Written by Jenny Gierveld, Pearl Dykstra and Niels Schenk.

The second deliverable for workpackage 2: The intermediate effect of geographic proximity on intergenerational support. A comparison of France and Bulgaria. Written by Leen Heylen, Dimitri Mortelmans, Kim Boudiny and Maarten Hermans.

The first deliverable for workpackage 2: Explaining parent-child proximity in Eastern and Western Europe: a micro and macro perspective, written by Leen Heylen and Dimitri Mortelmans.